Is ammonium produced in other ways?

359 views  March 11, 2019
Certain bacteria in the digestive tract such as helicobacter pylori produce the urease enzyme. This is where the bacteria divides urea into carbon dioxide and ammonia. Other certain anaerobic bacteria such as Bacteroides, Bifidobacterium, Aspergillus, Ruminococcus, Peptostreptococcus, Fusobacterium, Lactobacillus, Streptococcus produce short chain fatty acids which contain the hydrogen atom. Through a process called protonation, the hydrogen proton forms with the ammonia to create ammonium. Apart from being toxic to the body, liver and kidneys this can also be utilised by helicobacter pylori as a ‘shield’ to protect itself from the acid in the stomach.

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